Location: Portugal Continental – South West Europe, on the west coast of mainland Europe, bordering the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and the north and east by Spain.
Azores and Madeira respectively in the Northeast Atlantic and Southwest Atlantic.
Land area: 91.805 Km2.
Population: 10,707,924 inhabitants, with irregular distribution, concentrating mainly on the north coast. Lisbon and Porto are the areas of greatest population concentration (about 2.5 million and 1.15 million respectively). Estimated at about 4 million the number of Portuguese spread out over different continents.
Climate: Moderate. The north Atlantic climate, with average annual levels of precipitation and higher average annual temperatures are lower; south of the Tagus, a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and long winters and short and somewhat rainy with high temperatures.